Deborah Bromfield Lee , Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Chemistry
“Chemistry is the science that studies everything we perceive around us and the related applications of fundamental concepts. Learning is the major purpose of education, where I define meaningful learning as an individual’s internal process to utilize knowledge. Therefore, I believe chemistry instruction should involve the study of our chemical world via promoting internalization of knowledge. This purpose is achieved by actively involving students in their learning process rather than just providing them with information.”
Dr. Bromfield earned a bachelors in Chemistry from the University of South Florida in Tampa, after which she earned a Master's degree in Chemistry specializing in Organic Synthesis from Florida Atlantic University. After working at a start-up synthetic company in Boca Raton, Dr. Bromfield obtained a doctorate in chemistry at North Carolina State University. Her doctoral research focused on the undergraduate lab development, with an emphasis on organic chemistry. She was a visiting assistant professor at Elon University in North Carolina and temporary assistant professor then lecturer at Kennesaw State University in Georgia. She then moved back south and joined Florida Southern College in August 2012.
I enjoy cooking, baking, sewing, gardening and playing with my dogs.
B.A., Chemistry - University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
M.S., Chemistry - Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL
Ph.D., Chemistry - North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
Honors and Awards
- Carl Storm Underrepresented Minority Fellowship (Summer 2013)
- Faculty Honoree for MAT University Scholar (Spring 2012)
- Faculty Honoree for Honor MAT Student at Graduation (August 2011)
- Faculty Honoree for President’s 4.0 Freshman Student (Spring 2011)
- Eli Lilly/WCC Travel Grant Awards (Fall 2008)
- Golden Key International Honor Society (Spring 2001)
- National Society of Collegiate Scholars (Spring 2000)
1) Development of a green Synthesis of Stachybotrin D with Wei Pin Teh
The synthesis of a novel compound showing anti-HIV activity, Stachybotrin D, is being developed and with green methodologies planned for the process.
2) Development of a Green Synthesis of Calerene
Calerene has been shown antimicrobial properties, potential for use as an anesthetic, and is used as a precursor for many perfume fragrances. The synthesis of this molecule is already known, but students have worked on this molecule to make a greener synthesis.
3) Extraction methodology from Artichoke Leaves with Felicia Wong (2014 Alum)
Compounds in artichokes have been shown to have antioxidant properties. This research looks at extraction methods to find optimal methods for full analysis.
4) Exploration of microemulsion mixtures to reduce degradation of penicillin G with Liana Derringer (2014 Alum).
This project focuses on using NMR to determine the impact on microemulsion mixtures on the kinetics of hydrolysis of penicillin G.
Chemical Education Projects
1) Development of Tangible Models for the Chemistry Lecture for Teaching Intermolecular Attractions with Grace Beggs
Tangible models for learning are underutilized, and this project explores the impact of inexpensively built models for teaching chemistry topics. Using these models, instructors can give students physical exposure to a microscopic concept.
2) Development of tangible models for teaching organic chemistry topics.
Publications and Exhibitions
Bromfield Lee, D. C. Tackling Common Misconceptions on Heat through a ‘Hands-On’ Activity: Comparing our Sense of Touch with Thermometer Readings, 2014, In preparation.
Bromfield Lee, D. C. Assessing Conceptual Change in Pre-service Chemistry Teachers and Upper Level Chemistry Majors using the Learning Lab Report Format, 2014, In preparation.
Bromfield Lee, D. C.; Oliver-Hoyo, M. T. Roque-Peña, J. E., Cintrón-Maldonado, J. Novel Acid-base and Redox Titration Olfactory Indicator, 2012, Manuscript under review.
Bromfield Lee, D. C.; Oliver-Hoyo, M. T. An Integrated Thermometric Titration and Heat of Neutralization Determination, 2012, Manuscript under review.
Oliver-Hoyo, M. T.; Bromfield Lee, D. C. A Sensorial Twist for Measuring Reaction Rates Using Aspirin, 2012, Manuscript under review.
Oliver-Hoyo, M. T.; Bromfield Lee, D. C. Multi-sensory Chemical Equilibrium Investigation: A Learning Lab Report, Chemical Educator, 2010, 15, 181-184.
Bromfield-Lee, D. C.; Oliver-Hoyo, M. T. Esterification Kinetics Experiment that Relies on the Sense of Smell, J. Chem. Educ. 2009, 86,>82.
Hasan, S.; Bromfield-Lee, D.; Oliver-Hoyo, M. T.; Cintron-Maldonado, J. A. Using Laboratory Chemicals to Mock Illicit Drugs in a Forensic Chemistry Activity; J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 813.
Bromfield-Lee, D. C.; Oliver-Hoyo, M. T. A Qualitative Organic Analysis That Exploits the Senses of Smell, Touch and Sound; J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1976.
Silvestri, M. A.; Bromfield, D. C.; Lepore, S. D.; Michael-Stork Addition of Cyclopentyl Enamine to Allenyl Ketones and Esters, J. Org. Chem., 2005; 70(20); 8239-8241.
Lepore, S. D.; Khoram, A.; Bromfield, D. C.; Cohn, P.; Jairaj, V.; Silvestri, M. A.; Studies on the Manganese-Mediated Isomerization of Alkynyl Carbonyls to Allenyl Carbonyls, J. Org. Chem., 2005; 70(18); 7443-7446
Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Carmen Gauthier, Outreach is More than an Arm’s Length: Scientific Exploration through Chemistry, International Conference on Chemical education. Toronto, Canada, July 15TH, 2014 (Oral).
Students’ Understanding of Laboratory Content through the Learning Lab Report (Poster), Gordon Research Conference on Chemical Education, June 10, 2013.
Students’ Understanding in lab and lecture (Oral) Florida Annual Meeting and Exposition, Palm Harbor, Florida, May 11th, 2013.
Students' understanding of laboratory and lecture content through the learning lab report (Oral), 245th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 10th, 2013.
Development of Sensorial Experiments for Undergraduate Laboratories (Oral), Florida Southern College Chemistry Seminar Series, Lakeland, Florida, April 22nd, 2013.
Gregory T. Rushton, Scott E. Lewis, Michelle L Dean, Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Improving the recruitment, retention, and progression of chemistry majors through the incorporation of chemistry education faculty members in a chemistry department, (Poster). 243rd ACS National Meeting, March 25th, 2012, San Diego, California.
Gregory Rushton, Deborah Bromfield Lee, Michelle Dean, Recruiting and retaining the next generation of chemistry teachers: Successes, challenges, and a call to action (Oral), 242nd American Chemical Society National Meeting, Denver, Colorado, August 31, 2011.
Lara Pacifici, Deborah Bromfield Lee, Gregory Rushton, Michael Dias, David Rosengrant Beyond Teaching "Science" Teachers: Reflections on Discipline Specific Methods Courses (Oral). The Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association for Science Teacher education, Decatur, Georgia, October 9th, 2010.
Kitchen chemistry: A crash course for non-majors(Oral) Biennial Conference on Chemical Education, Denton, Texas, August 4th, 2010.
Joan Rogue Peña, Deborah Bromfield Lee, Maria Oliver-Hoyo Development of Three Novel Chemistry Experiments for Undergraduate Courses (Oral) Eighth Annual North Carolina State University Undergraduate Summer Research Symposium, July 27th, 2009.
Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo Development of Sensorial Experiments for Undergraduate Laboratories (Oral), University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, April 22, 2009.
Joan Rogue Peña, Deborah Bromfield Lee, Maria Oliver-Hoyo Olfactory Titrations using Glucosinolates Extracted from Rutabaga (Poster) Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students, November 8th, 2008.
Joan Rogue Peña, Deborah Bromfield Lee, Maria Oliver-Hoyo Olfactory Titrations using Glucosinolates Extracted from Rutabaga (Poster) Seventh Annual North Carolina State University Undergraduate Summer Research Symposium, August 1st, 2008.
Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo Development of Sensorial Experiments for Undergraduate Laboratories (Oral) Biennial Conference on Chemical Education, Bloomington, Indiana, July 28th, 2008.
Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Richard Kelley, et.al. Wolfpack Women In Science: Answering the ‘Impossible’ Question - Innovative Thinking through Themed Dialogues. (Oral) Glaxo Smith Kline: 6th Annual Women’s Leadership Initiative Conference, Cary, North Carolina, March 17th, 2008.
José Cintrón-Maldonado, Deborah Bromfield Lee, Maria Oliver-Hoyo Rutabaga as an Indicator for Olfactory Titrations (Poster); Sixth Annual North Carolina State University Undergraduate Summer Research Symposium, August 2nd, 2007.
Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo Development of Sensorial Experiments for Undergraduate Laboratories (Oral) Local American Chemical Society Meeting, Duke University, North Carolina; April 21st, 2007
Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo, Deborah C. Bromfield Lee Sensorial experiments: experiments that rely on senses other than eyesight (Oral) American Chemical Society National Meeting – Chicago; March 27th, 2007
Deborah C. Bromfield Lee, Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo Development of Sensorial Experiments for Undergraduate Laboratories (Poster) Eighth Annual Poster Session, North Carolina State University, University Club, Raleigh, NC; March, 2007
Deborah C. Bromfield, Maximilian A. Silvestri, Salvatore D. Lepore New Chemical Methods for the Synthesis of Geniposidic Acid, An Anticancer Marine Natural Product (Poster) Florida Marine Biotechnology Summit IV: BioFlorida Conference, Boca Raton, Florida, October 17th-18th 2004
Salvatore D. Lepore and Deborah C. Bromfield Flanagan High School Science Club (Oral), Pembroke Pines, Florida; October 11, 2004
Maximilian A. Silvestri, Deborah C. Bromfield, Salvatore D. Lepore New Chemical Methods for the Total Synthesis of an Iridoid Natural Product with Anticancer Activity (Oral); XI Marine Natural Products Symposium, Boca Raton, Florida; December 2004
Maximilian A. Silvestri, Deborah C. Bromfield, Salvatore D. Lepore The Development of a Novel Diels-Alder Reaction Involving Allenyl Esters as Heterodienes: Studies toward the Total Synthesis of an Iridoid Natural Product (Oral) XI Marine Natural Products Symposium, Sorrento, Italy, August 2004
Deborah C. Bromfield, Vinod Jairaj, Salvatore D. Lepore Studies on the Manganese-Mediated Isomerization of Alkynyl Carbonyls to Allenyl Carbonyls (Poster), BioTech Meeting, Boca Raton, Florida; March 2003.